In the elections of 1946, two Liberal candidates, Gabriel Turbay and Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, stood for election and thus split … On April 9, 1948, populist Colombian presidential candidate Jorge Eliécer Gaitán was shot down in the street outside of his office in Bogotá.The poor of the city, who saw him as a savior, went berserk, rioting in the streets, looting and murdering. La Violencia (Spanish pronunciation: [la βjoˈlensja], The Violence) was a ten-year civil war in Colombia from 1948 to 1958, between the Colombian Conservative Party and the Colombian Liberal Party, fought mainly in the countryside. In this article Oliver Dodd examines the processes of capitalist development to account for the underlying dynamics of the Colombian Civil War (1964-2002). Colombia - Colombia - La Violencia, dictatorship, and democratic restoration: Liberal hegemony continued through the 1930s and the World War II era, and Alfonso López Pumarejo was reelected in 1942; however, wartime conditions were not favourable to social change. [x] During this time, Liberal-backed guerrilla bands grew in size and ferocity, and the government employed the military to fight the growing insurgency.
Oliver argues that economic development did not take place in an orderly or steady manner, but rather involved conflict and antagonism between various social-class forces engaged in a 'struggle for hegemony'. In 1948, in the aftermath of the assassination of the populist politician Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, there occurred a decade of large-scale political violence throughout Colombia, which was a Conservative – Liberal civil war that killed more than 200,000 people. The cease-fire in Colombia’s long civil war starts today. Since 1948, a four-sided civil war has raged in Colombia, bringing misery and displacement to millions. The death of Gaitán marked the end of the populist movement and the beginning of an undeclared civil war. Here’s what you need to know. 1948: The Bogotá Riots and Colombian Civil War In 1948 agents of the Conservative government of Mariano Ospina Perez assassinated the popular Liberal party leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan. 1948 saw a significant surge in violence, with an estimated 43,557 deaths.