latvia official language
3.  Regarding the demographic arguments for Russian language rights in Latvia, the BBC's Angus Roxburgh reported in 2005: There are as many Russians, proportionally, in Latvia as there are French speakers in Belgium. Due to that, these groups' respective schools disappeared. acts on state language, 2002 Draft concept of State Programme of Latvian Language Development, Programme of the State Language Policy for 2006–2010, Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic 1944-1991, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Language_policy_in_Latvia&oldid=996671362, Articles with Latvian-language sources (lv), Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Since 1998, the official status of the Latvian language has been written into the Constitution (Article 4); and since 2002, MPs have been asked to promise to strengthen Latvian as the only official language in order to take their seats (Article 18). Unofficial English translation Translation and Terminology Centre, Latvia (consulted on 2004-10-06) Abstract/Citation: Regulates use and protection of the state language at state and municipal institutions, courts and agencies belonging to the judicial system, as well as other agencies, organisations and enterprises, in education and other spheres. Latvian definition, of or relating to Latvia, its inhabitants, or their language. In 1999, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe High Commissioner on National Minorities found Latvia's new language law to be "essentially in conformity with Latvia's international obligations and commitments". There are four major regions: West Latvia (Kurzeme), East Latvia (Latgale), North Latvia (Vidzeme), and South Latvia (Zemgale). July 23, 2020. For those who didn't get an education in Latvian and aren't disabled, an examination is needed to define their skills in Latvian, to work in these professions. , The Republic of Latvia (founded in 1918) was initially liberal in its language policy: while Latvianizing toponyms (e.g., Dvinsk became Daugavpils), it also allowed Russian and German languages to be used in Parliament along Latvian, acknowledged minorities' rights to learn in schools in their mother tongues and, despite switching public tertiary education to Latvian, did not forbid private post-secondary education in minority languages. Valodas plānošanas politika un integrācija Latvijā pēc 1990. gada, "Discrimination against the Russophone Minority in Estonia and Latvia", "The program of the FHRUL for the 2002 parliamentary elections", Ethnopolitical tension in Latvia: looking for solving the conflict — see p. 39, "Constitutional Court of Latvia judgement in case No. Belarusian schoolteachers and other intellectuals in Latvia were suspected of having a pro-Soviet agenda harmful to national security.. (See Baltic languages.  After protests in 2003 and 2004, the law was amended allowing to teach up to 40% of curricula in minority languages (Transition Rules) and allowing orphans to continue their education not only in Latvian, but also in the language he or she began it (Section 56). Then, 8.8% of the population indicated they use Latgalian, described as a variety of Latvian. Latgalian is a language spoken in Latvia in the Latgale region. "Defender of a Small Nation". 106. lpp. This became possible after the Rodnoy Yazyk (Native Language) association managed to collect 12 thousand certified signatures of citizens wishing to see Russian as a second official language in Latvia. With regard to the use of language in private sector, State does not interfere in this area, unless the activities of a private organization or enterprise affect … The ethnic Russian group Dzimtā valoda (Native Language), petitioned for this measure in November and were able to garner 187,378 valid signatures. The language of Livonian used t… Latvian also comes from the same language tree branch as Lithuanian, while Russian comes from the Slavic language branch.  This has caused concern of UN  and Council of Europe experts. Although Latvian culture has been influenced by different countries, religions, cultures and languages, it has developed its own cultural identity with a unique system of values and traditions. 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